University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Biological Sciences, 2011 [cited yyyy month dd]. Species selection for the breeding system experiments was based on which Erica species were in flower in and around Nature's Valley (lat. Published online. Introduction. The Cape Peninsula is a well-known area of exceptional plant diversity and endemism (Trinder-Smith et al., 1996a, Pauw and Johnson, 1999) within the southwestern core of the Cape Floristic Region (CFR) of southern Africa.The CFR is an area of high species diversity and endemism (Van Wyk and Smith, 2001), and the area experiences winter rain and summer drought, … Families of plants unique to South Africa include Grubbiaceae, Bruniaceae, Lanariaceae, Roridulaceae, and Geissolomataceae. Full Sun – Prefers 6 or more hours of sun per day. Regional:Southern Africa. The more than 800 Erica species across Europe and Africa provide an excellent example with which to test the impact of geographical and ecological distance on biogeographic history. Erica carinata Lodd. Erica abietina is a species of erica that is endemic to the Cape Peninsula of the Western Cape, South Africa. Ericas, Too. iSpot is a website aimed at helping anyone identify anything in nature. The English common names heath and heather are shared by some closely related genera of similar appearance. An ideal rockery plant. Among them are many medicinal plants, such as Sutherlandia, which is used to strengthen the immune system. # Usual season of flowering. In Europe, 21 species of Erica have been recorded. Varieties such as Erica verticillata, baueri, and lusitanica are a heath and with species from Europe and South Africa the varieties and forms of this useful plant is huge. Showy flower, Acacia cultriformis (Knife-leaf wattle, Dogtooth wattle, Half-moon wattle or Golden-glow wattle,), Dodonaea viscosa var. Erica is a genus of roughly 857 species of flowering plants in the family Ericaceae. Erica (Philippia) - Species Browser - Southern Africa : iSpot Nature - Your place to share nature. The term "fynbos" is Dutch for "fine-leaved plants;" depending on locality, heaths can comprise a significant portion of the flora. # Usual season of flowering. Linnaeus, C. (filius) 1782 ["1781"]. Foliage: Ericas are woody shrubs with small, narrow leaves. Other species that are naturalised include Erica holosericea, E. caffra, E. mauritanica and E. cruenta from southern Africa and E. cinerea from Europe. Tolerates salt laden air, Indigenous/ Native to South Africa, Soil Type: Sandy, Flowers come in a great variety of colours, shapes and sizes. Only pure honey which had not been heated was used. PDF. lineata, and E. plukenetii ssp. Erica (heaths or heathers) is a large genus of flowering trees, shrubs, and subshrubs most diverse in southern Africa but found throughout the continent and in Europe. Dig a hole 60cm square and deep. It may surprise them to learn that southern Africa is home to nearly 90% of the world’s Erica species, and most of them occur in Fynbos. Partner Page ╳ We're sorry. In fact, the genus Erica is known to be the most species diverse genus in the Cape Floristic Region with almost 700 known species. angustifolia (Sand olive), Kalanchoe blossfeldiana (Flaming Katy, Florist Kalanchoe). Also beautiful flowering plants, like the bird of paradise, proteas, and many more are in our assortment. It was last seen in habitat at Kenilworth Racecourse by South African botanist, Elsie Esterhuizen who made an herbarium collection and gave material for propagation to Kirstenbosch Botanical Garden. View Larger. Showy flower. muscari (Andrews) Bolus LC; Erica daphniflora Salisb. Concentrations of starch in roots of seeder species of Erica from the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa were found to be considerably less than in resprouters. International Plant Names Index. The larger, variably coloured, flowers of E. plukenetii ssp. They are also commonly known as Heath. The honeys produced from indigenous wild flowers from South Africa had no exceptionally high activity that could afford medical grade status. Do not disturb the roots by digging. With South Africa's lockdown now in its fifth month, fish from Groenvlei are helping feed around 250 people per day. The lowland and montane fynbos and renosterveld ecoregions include 1,435 South African Red Data Book plant species and 112 South African Red Data Book animal species (Rebelo 1992). During summer it bears masses of tubular flowers which are white, pale yellow or pale pink on long stems. Size: 1m * 2m. Erica is the type genus of the heath family, Ericaceae.As of January 2019, there are over 850 accepted species in Kew's Plants of the World Online. Accessed: 2020 May 03. Erica species are the second most dominant Fynbos plant group that associate with a specific group of fungi which form an ericoid mycorrhizal relationship with the plant roots. Some also occur in the Mediterranean region and in northern Europe, and species have been introduced to North America. var. SANA is a member-driven, non-profit organisation, which strives to promote gardening as a hobby in South Africa for ALL South Africans. plukenetii (similar to those of E. plukenetii ssp. The honeys used were produced from the blossoms of Eucalyptus cladocalyx (Bluegum) trees, an indigenous South African plant Leucospermum cordifolium (Pincushion), a mixture of wild heather shrubs, mainly Erica species (Fynbos) and a Leptospermum scoparium (Manuka) honey.Only pure honey which had not been heated was used. It is a common and widespread species in the south-western Cape and can be found growing on dry, stony slopes from the Cederberg southwards to the Cape Peninsula and eastwards to Bredasdorp. Erica daphniflora Salisb. The process of retrieving these two erica species proved most difficult with all the restrictions on importing plant material into South Africa. Origin: South Africa *Response to fire is based on research in native range. crassifolia Dulfer DDT; Erica demissa Klotzsch ex Benth. Moderate Watering – Requires Regular Watering. Keywords: Erica L., nomenclature, southern Africa, taxonomy ABSTRACT This is the first in a series of notes on the southern African species of Erica L. which are currently recognized. Erica penicilliformis is commonly called the salt and pepper bush owing to … Erica massonia Andr. No C. gattii isolates were identified. Pages. Most species do not like frost. The following Erica species are suitable for both summer and winter rainfall gardens: Spring-flowering: ... Life is a Garden is the marketing division of The South African Nursery Association (SANA). Origin: Europe, north Africa, Macronesia Localised: NSW, SA, Vic. Erica nivalis. Antimicrobial activity of two South African honeys produced from indigenous Leucospermum cordifolium and Erica species on selected micro-organisms BMC Complement Altern Med. European clade (yellow), 2. Tons of creative content coming your way! Concerns have recently been raised about the status of the Black Stork in South Africa as a whole after a comparison between the Southern African Bird Atlas Project (SABAP1: 1987-1991) and SABAP2 (2007 to present) data showed a significant decrease in the reporting rate for the species, possibly indicating a decline in numbers. 2008 Jul 15;8:41. doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-8-41. var. The flowers are hairy, curved and tubular that varies in color between yellow to dark red. Erica curviflora. Erica is the type genus of the heath family, Ericaceae. Erica culcitiflora Salisb. Erica nivalis in Kew Science Plants of the World online. Identifier. Most heath species are indigenous to South Africa, where they are especially diverse in the southwestern Cape region. There are only 170 Erica species in the rest of the world, compared to 690 species endemic to the Cape." Author information: (1)Oral and Dental Research Institute, Faculty of Dentistry, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X1, Tygerberg 7505, South Africa. The heaths called Cape heaths come from southern Africa, south of the Limpopo river, and mainly from the Western Cape Province of South Africa. Right click and save this QR code to add to your plant Label. This represents 60% of all Erica species. The great majority of species of genus Erica in the world are endemic to South Africa. Common name(s) Heath. Most of the world's species are found in the fynbos of the Western and Eastern Cape provinces of South Africa. Heath, (genus Erica), genus of about 800 species of low evergreen shrubs of the family Ericaceae. Ingram S, Ingram S. Pollination biology of four co-occurring Erica species from the Cape Peninsula, South Africa. The genus Erica belongs to the family Ericaceae, which is one of the distinctive and the largest genera comprising the South African fynbos flora.About 760 of the 860 Erica species occur in South Africa. When not in bloom they may be almost impossible to differentiate and look relatively unassuming, but South Africa’s Ericas come in a … E. grandiflora was described by Carl Linnaeus the Younger in 1782, and was reclassified as Erica abietina subsp. Erica iphigenia Hort. Our plant we take cuttings from is a rich orange color. E. abietina includes four subspecies with often highly restricted distributions and distinctive flower colours. Indigenous – Originates in South Africa. Erica recurvata is the species that made a spectacular comeback after about 200 years when found flowering near Napier in 2007. In the southwestern Cape, plants can attain a height of 1.5 m. In grasslands of the Drakensberg and Mpumalanga escarpment, plants tend to be smaller in areas that are prone to fire. An extensive survey on the resprouting ability of South African Erica species was carried out and the pattern of geographical distribution of resprouters and seeders in the CFR was determined. Erica hirtiflora belongs in the family Ericaceae. By browsing this website, you agree to our use of cookies. Flagship species. Erica discolor is a hardy species and not as fussy, like many ericas.It grows in well-drained, sandy or rocky soils, with the ideal soil pH between 5.5 and 6.7. [1], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Erica_species&oldid=945797938, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 March 2020, at 05:16. Erica magnifica Andr. References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. South Africa (W-Cape Prov.) Erica turgida, a small unassuming pink bushy heath species was listed as ‘Extinct in the Wild’ in 1996. Sheds Part of Its Foliage During Winter/Autumn. demissa LC; Erica densifolia Willd. This tender species from South Africa is quite amazing. All species prefer a slightly acidic soil, and this is the key to growing these plants successfully. Erica cerinthoides is a species of heath native to South Africa (the Cape Provinces, the Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, the Northern Provinces), Lesotho and Eswatini. Reference page. var. Europe has only 21 species. South Africa Localised: Tas. Our seed portfolio is very diverse. 2020. Erica turgida, a small unassuming pink bushy heath species was listed as ‘Extinct in the Wild’ in 1996.It was last seen in habitat at Kenilworth Racecourse by South African botanist, Elsie Esterhuizen who made an herbarium collection and gave material for propagation to Kirstenbosch Botanical Garden. This species of cycad is adaptable and is found in many habitats, from closed forest to grassland. Published on the internet. Shoot starch was highly variable but mean values were similar in both seeder and resprouter species of Erica.Three distinct patterns of starch storage in roots were recognized. Ericas are woody shrubs with small, narrow leaves. 23.562155°E) from September to December 2015. In this relatively small area, about 700 species can be found. While the cut flower forms are related to Australian heath, they are not the same, as the Australian forms are from the genus Epacris, not Erica. Genus: Erica Species: Erica massonii Varietas: ... Continental:Africa. SouthAfrica.co.za explores all the grass species that thrive in different regions of the country, from stinking grass to creeping bristle grass. The genus Pachypodium are succulent shrubs and small trees found in Southern Africa. Basson NJ(1), Grobler SR. "It is a difficult time since COVID-19 started, we could not work. LIMITED TIME SALE PRICE!! South Africa has over 13,000 vascular plant species that are found nowhere else. An endemic family of the non-vascular plant is the aquatic moss Wardiaceae. In total there are about 860 species in the genus. Origin: South Africa *Response to fire is based on research in native range. Ericas are woody shrubs with small, narrow leaves. Will Get Damaged and Possibly Killed During Periods of Frost. South Africa Localised: SA, Vic. 572).The plant is characterized by the strong sweet scent it exudes when blooming (in winter, spring and into summer). Little is known about the biodiversity of mycorrhizal fungi in general in South Africa and Ericoid mycorrhizas are no exception. E. bauera, bridal heath, has grey-green foliage, and grows to 1m tall. Erica calamiformis Salisb. EVERYTHING and ANYTHING about plants and gardening in South Africa. References Primary references . Categories: Shrubs and Perennials. Canavanine-glycine-bromothymol blue (CGB) agar has a reported 100% specificity for identification of C. neoformans and was read after 96h of incubation at 30°C . The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. They have been introduced to Australia and North America. LC; Erica … The Garden's South African Garden is also home to one of the largest collections of members of the genus Erica (or Cape heaths) outside South Africa, where a staggering 605 species occur in an area not much larger than Santa Cruz County. bredensis, E. plukenetii ssp. Planting: This plant loves acid soil; it needs sandy, well-drained soil with a pH of 4–5.5. Around 690 of the species are endemic to South Africa, and these are often called the Cape heaths, forming the largest genus in the fynbos. Erica (Erica curviflora) Diagnostic characteristics: E.curviflora is a vertical, woody shrub growing as tall as 1.6 m. They grow from a well-built woody stem and produce thin, slender but straight branches with soft leaves that are gray-green in color. It is native to the east coast of South Africa and southern Mozambique. SANA is a member-driven, non-profit organisation, which strives to promote gardening as a hobby in South Africa for ALL South Africans. Erica curviflora. When not in bloom they may be almost impossible to differentiate and look relatively unassuming, but South Africa’s Ericas come in a plethora of different flower sizes, shapes and colours. Receive related notifications of new posts, based on your gardening interests, please let us know what you would like to receive updates on. [email protected] BACKGROUND: Honey has … TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2 nd Edition. Erica grandiflora is a species of Erica found in fynbos on the mainland Western Cape, South Africa. Also good as cut flower material. But since the advent of DNA sequencing techniques, it has been shown that migration has taken place in both directions. Other species that are naturalised include Erica holosericea, E. caffra, E. mauritanica and E. cruenta from southern Africa and E. cinerea from Europe. Collection of Drawings of South African Plants, Holland collection. Erica Pink Pearl Care of Erica Varieties. var. 16.1). The 426 species of the genus Erica L. in the south-western Cape are categorized according to their principal putative pollinating agents, based on the shape of the flowers and field observations. IUCN SSC South American Camelid Specialist Group (guanacos and vicuñas) Chair: Benito Gonzalez Red List Authority Coordinator: Pablo Acebes Vives The IUCN SSC South American Camelid Specialist Group (GECS) is actively involved in research, conservation, evaluation and program implementation relating to the sustainable use of vicuñas and guanacos in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay and Peru. Collection name. pedicellata (Klotzsch) Bolus LC; Erica deflexa Sinclair LC; Erica demissa Klotzsch ex Benth. Many species of succulents only grow in South Africa and Namibia. The process of retrieving these two erica species proved most difficult with all the restrictions on importing plant material into South Africa. 1. Accessed May 03 2020. Open Viewer. They have been introduced to Australia and North America. African clade (light green), 3. Flowers Flowers come in a great variety of colours, shapes and sizes. Semi Frost Hardy – Is Able to Survive Moderately Low Temperatures. Other endemic flora species from this region include the Bird of Paradise Flower, the Red Disa, the Rhinoceros Bush, the Cushion Restio, the Clanwillia… Antimicrobial activity of two South African honeys produced from indigenous Leucospermum cordifolium and Erica species on selected micro-organisms. Methods. Missouri Botanical Garden. [Thesis]. Just 21 of the species are found in Central and Western Europe, Macaronesia, the Mediterranean and the Middle East. Mix two thirds of the topsoil with one third acid compost, add one cup of bone meal or superphosphate and mix well. These While there are over 700 species of Erica found all over the world, the species used as cut flowers originate in South Africa, where they are called Cape Heath. It is found within 50 km, but not closer than 2 to 3 km, from the sea. South African flora is very unique in the world. The Natural History Museum. Origin: Indigenous/ Native to South Africa. Early botanists originally believed that all Africa's plants originated from Europe. of South Africa [16, 18]. Erica L., species from South Africa, Holland collection. Erica erosa Lodd. Watering and feeding: In summer rainfall areas, water well during the dry winter months. Buy Ericas of South Africa on Amazon.com FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders Skip to main content.us. Mulch with acid compost or pine needles to keep the soil moist, protect the roots and feed the plant. Erica cerinthoides (fire heath; rooihaartjie [A]; semo-monyane [SS]) is the widest distributed of all native South African ericas. The assumed pollination syndrome of the six species under investigation was established by use of literature and local botanical experts (Oliver and Oliver, 2002; R. Turner, … Author information: (1)Oral and Dental Research Institute, Faculty of Dentistry, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X1, Tygerberg 7505, South Africa. Save Resource. Erica can be grown in pots and are generally a hardy plant. You don't appear to have permission to access the item. aurantiaca by Oliver & Oliver in 2002. Erica calostoma Lodd. Erica lycopodiifolia Salisb. View Edit History. The Garden's Erica collection illustrates magnificently the huge diversity of color and form found in these shrubs. Present day habitats of Erica species tend to be low nutrient and fire prone [19], but still differ markedly in ecology, from the Mediterranean climates of southern Europe and the Cape to colder climes of northern Europe and the non-seasonal temperate habitats of the high mountains in Tropical Africa. Hello, Sign in ... book on the Cape heaths illustrates a diverse & complex genus in which fully two-thirds of all species are native to South Africa. Origin: South Africa Localised: SA, Vic. It has urn-shaped pink blooms in winter and spring. Indian Ocean islands clade (purple), 4. Consisting of hundreds of species, Erica species are found in the wild from South Africa to Europe, all the way to West and Central Asia. Most Erica species have so-called ericoid or needle-like leaves with a narrow channel beneath which are borne in whorls around the stems. Books. Tropicos.org 2020. Ericas provide colour and interest throughout the year, but the peak flowering season for many of them is during spring and summer (August-February). The leaves are often lance-shaped with a sharp apex and a spiny margin. Collection of Drawings of South African Plants, Holland collection The remaining species are native to other parts of Africa, Madagascar, the Mediterranean, and Europe. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Europe has only 21 species. Is Able to Survive Moderately Low Temperatures. The genus Erica is one of the largest in the Cape Peninsula, where 104 species occur. Erica plukenetii is a species of flowering plant native to the Cape region of South Africa.It belongs to the genus Erica.The species is morphologically variable, and five subspecies are recognised. Most Aloe species have a rosette of large, thick, fleshy leaves. Collection. Stangeria eriopus is a cycad endemic to southern Africa. Erica baccans, berry heath, is vigorous, and can grow up to 2m tall. Erica L., species from South Africa, Holland collection. Flowers come in a great variety of colours, shapes and sizes. There are ± 860 species of Erica in southern Africa, which makes it the largest genus in South Africa. Erica metuliflora Curt. The long curving tubular flowers are unique and distinctive to this species, and can range from yellow to orange and red. Erica (heaths or heathers) is a large genus of flowering trees, shrubs, and subshrubs most diverse in southern Africa but found throughout the continent and in Europe. Antimicrobial activity of two South African honeys produced from indigenous Leucospermum cordifolium and Erica species on selected micro-organisms. Erica caffra, the water heath, is one of the few ericas that may grow into a small tree, listed as such in the South African Tree List (No. Pruning: Not necessary, but flower stems can be cut to promote bushier growth. It should do well in most gardens in South Africa, where the humidity is not too high and where there is little or no frost. ex Benth. There are various species that grow in the ecosystems of South Africa, that play an important role in the balance of an animal's’ diet and other plant growth. As of January 2019[update], there are over 850 accepted species in Kew's Plants of the World Online. In fact, the genus Erica is known to be the most species diverse genus in the Cape Floristic Region with almost 700 known species. Erica gemmifera Lodd. Common names include fire erica, fire heath, red hairy heath, rooihaartjie or klipheide.Throughout its range the species shows marked variation in habit, flower characteristics and hairiness. Figure 2 Phylogenetic tree of the genus Erica, with the major clades indicated with numbers, and the pink/red/white/yellow flowered species groups we investigated in the Cape clade indicated with letters (Le Maitre, 2017; Pirie et al., 2011, 2016).Outgroup species (black), 1. Flowers come in a great variety of colours, shapes and sizes. Showy flower. Most of them (690) grow wild in South Africa, the rest – in Madagascar, in the Mediterranean, Europe. In South Africa, more than 6500 ... neoformans species-complex by standard phenotypic methods, then stored at -70°C . This site uses cookies to improve your browsing experience. The genus is native to Africa, and is common in South Africa's Cape Province, the mountains of tropical Africa, and neighbouring areas such as Madagascar, the Arabian peninsula, and the islands of Africa. Erica nivalis. Erica are not only native to South Africa, species such as E.carnea, E. cinerea, E. x darleyensis and E. tetralix along with many hybrids can also be found in Europe. The research, conducted by a group of scientists from South Africa and Germany, is based on nuclear and chloroplast DNA sequencing of 606 accessions of 488 species from across the geographic range of the genus, as well as six outgroups. BMHOL13259063-06. Species from South Africa Photographed at the UC Berkeley Botanical Garden 33.976754°S, long. The geographical distribution of these two regeneration classes was related to a climatic gradient of seasonality along the CFR. South African rangelands harbour hundreds of alien plant species, ranging from an estimated 129 species in the Nama Karoo Biome to 404 species in the Savanna Biome (van Wilgen and Wilson 2018), but <10% of these have become seriously invasive to date (Fig. Methods. Once you've registered, you can add an observation to the website and suggest an identification yourself or see if … The honeys used were produced from the blossoms of Eucalyptus cladocalyx (Bluegum) trees, an indigenous South African plant Leucospermum cordifolium (Pincushion), a mixture of wild heather shrubs, mainly Erica species (Fynbos) and a Leptospermum scoparium (Manuka) honey.Only pure honey which had not been heated was used. The following Erica species are suitable for both summer and winter rainfall gardens: Spring-flowering: ... Life is a Garden is the marketing division of The South African Nursery Association (SANA). Methods: The honeys used were produced from the blossoms of Eucalyptus cladocalyx (Bluegum) trees, an indigenous South African plant Leucospermum cordifolium (Pincushion), a mixture of wild heather shrubs, mainly Erica species (Fynbos) and a Leptospermum scoparium (Manuka) honey. Erica hybrida hort. Basson NJ(1), Grobler SR. 1. The genus Calluna was formerly included in Erica – it differs in having even smaller scale-leaves (less than 2–3 mm long), and the flower corolla consisting of separate petals. Erica cylindrica Andr.

erica species south africa

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